1st Semester Project


I would like to study the Statues of Liberty. I have no knowledge of the French side of the project, where the other ones are, what they are for, or who even constructed them. I would like to study this topic not only because I do not know much about them, but it ties in to our own country's history a little as well. I would love for you to approve this topic because I am really interested in it.


The Statue of Liberty

The French started construction of the Statue of Liberty for the United States in 1875. The construction was also started in France. The original title of the statue was "Liberty Enlightening the World". The French sculptor's name was Frederic Auguste Bartholdi who was a quartermaster to five thousand soldiers in the military and fought in the Franco-Purussian War in 1870. Although Bartholdi was the sculptor, the structural engineer was Gustave Eiffel. The statue was completed in Paris in June 1884 but presented to America July 4th 1884 by the people of France. The statue was shipped to America in 350 individual pieces which required 214 crates. It was shipped to an island off the coast of New York called Bedloe's Island which was then changed to Liberty Island to fit the statue. To thank the people of France the American comunity in Paris gave the French people a bronze replica of the Statue of Liberty which was 1/4 scale and still stands today. The cornerstone of the pedistal for the Statue of Liberty was laid on Bedloe's Island August 5th 1884. The final assembely of the statue and pedestal took place in 1886. Grover Clevland finally acceptStatue_of_Liberty.jpged the marvelous gift from France October 28 1886 after vetoeing the fund for the pedistal in 1884. The Statue of Liberty was designated a national monument October 15, 1924. The arm was first closed to the public in 1916. The two replicas of the Statue of Liberty are found in Paris, France. One is in Jardin du Luxembourg which is a bronze model Bartholdi used to help model the New York Statue. It was offered to the Luxembourg Muesam in 1900, but placed in the park in 1906. The second statue of liberty in Paris is near the Grenelle Bridge. It was dedicated November 15, 1889 and looks toward its "big sister" in New York harbor. This statue also has the dates of the United State's Declaration of Independence, and the date of the storming of the Bastille. As well as these statues, there is also a life size Flame of Liberty above the Pont de l'Alma tunnel which became an unofficial memorial of Princess Dianabecause it is above the place of her death.("Replicas of the Statue of Liberty") A third replica of the Statue of Liberty is in Bordeux. The first statue in Bordeux was seized by the Nazis and melted down, but they built another one. This is just some of the information about the statues of liberty in France and in the United States, and I hope you found it useful.



"Replicas of the Statue of Liberty." Wikipedia. 27 10 2008. 28 Oct 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Replicas_of_the_Statue_of_Liberty>.

Feuerstein, Gary. "Statue of Liberty Facts." Endex. 20 10 2001. 28 Oct 2008 <http://www.endex.com/gf/buildings/liberty/libertyfacts.htm>.

2nd Semester Project


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